Why to promote it?
GUARANTEE OF FOOD SUPLY
OF THE WORLD'S FOOD PRODUCTION IS PROVIDED BY FAMILY FARMERS
Key to fight hunger and malnutrition.
Small farms are often more productive and sustainable per unit of land and energy consumed.
OF WORLD HOUSEHOLDS DEPEND ON FAMILY FARMING
Out of the 3,000 million rural people in developing countries, 2,500 belong to families engaged in Family Farming.
Also contributes to stabilize the population in rural areas, to preserve historical and cultural values, to generate income and consumption.
AT LEAST TWICE AS EFFECTIVE AS OTHER PRODUCTION SECTORS IN THE PREVENTION OF POVERTY
GDP growth originated in agriculture is at least twice as effective in reducing poverty than GDP growth generated in other sectors.
Agricultural and rural growth also benefits the poor in urban areas, due to the abundance and proximity of food.
GREAT POTENTIAL FOR THE CONSERVATION OF LOCAL VARIETIES
Throughout history, we have used about 7,000 plants to meet basic needs. Nowadays there are over 150 species grown commercially, of which 30 constitute 90% of the calories in the human diet and only four (rice, wheat, corn, potato) account for more than half of the caloric contribution.
Family Farming, besides being a source of genetic agro-diversity, can ensure their preservation through the use of seed varieties and native livestock breeds well adapted to various environments.
WOMEN AS FARMERS
WOMEN MAKE NEARLY HALF OF AGRICULTURAL LABOR IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
In most cases, the woman cooks and puts food on the table, sells farm products and deals with the health of the family. She is the first educator of their children, to whom gives birth.
Women contribute a significant proportion of the agricultural labor force in developing countries. FAO estimates this figure at 43%, while UNIFEM estimates between 60-80%.